ChandraShekhar Azad Biogrpahy
Chandrashekhar Azad was an extraordinary Indian political dissident. His wild enthusiasm and mental fortitude propelled others of his age to enter opportunity battle. Chandrasekhar Azad was the guide Bhagat Singh, and alongside Bhagat Singh, he is considered as probably the best progressive who unfolded in the dirt of the country. He was one of the most significant progressives who rearranged the Hindustan Republican Association under the new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) after the demise of its organizer Pandit Ram Prasad Bismil and three other conspicuous gathering pioneers, Thakur Roshan Singh, Rajendra Nath Lahiri and Ashfaqulla Khan. He was the main specialist of the HSRA. He assumed key job in Kakori Train Robbery (1926), the endeavor to explode the Viceroy’s train (1926), and the shooting of Saunders at Lahore (1928) to vindicate the executing of Lala Lajpat Rai.
ChandraShekhar Azad was conceived on July 23, 1906 in Badarka town of Unnao area in Uttar Pradesh. His folks were Pandit Sitaram Tiwari and Jagarani Devi. Pandit Sitaram Tiwari was serving in past bequest of Alirajpur and Chandra Shekhar Azad’s youth was spent in the town Bhabra. On the request of her mom Jagrani Devi, Chandra Shekhar Azad went to Kashi Vidyapeeth, Benaras for contemplating Sanskrit.
Chandrashekhar Azad was profoundly pained by the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in Amritsar in 1919. In 1921, when Mahatma Gandhi propelled Non-Cooperation development, Chandrasekhar Azad effectively took an interest in progressive exercises. He got his first discipline at fifteen years old. Chandra Shekhar was gotten while enjoying progressive exercises. At the point when the officer asked him his name, he said “Azad” (which means free). Chandrashekhar Azad was condemned to fifteen lashes. With each stroke of the whip the youthful Chandrasekhar yelled “Bharat Mata Ki Jai”. From that point on Chandrashekhar accepted the title of Azad and came to known as Chandrashekhar Azad. Chandrashekhar Azad pledged that he could never be captured by the British police and would kick the bucket as free man.
After the suspension of non-collaboration development, Chandrashekhar Azad was pulled in towards more forceful and progressive beliefs. He conceded to finish autonomy using any and all means. Chandrashekhar Azad and his countrymen would target British authorities known for their severe activities against customary individuals and political dissidents.
Chandra Shekhar Azad made Jhansi his association’s center point for an extensive length. He picked the woods of Orchha arranged at around fifteen kilometers from Jhansi for shooting training. He was a specialist marksman and used to prepare different individuals from his gathering in Orchha. Close to the timberland he assembled a cottage aside a Hanuman Temple on the banks of the Satar River. He lived there under the false name of Pandit Harishankar Brahmachari for a significant stretch, and began showing children of the close by town Dhimarpura. Thusly he figured out how to set up great compatibility with the nearby occupants. The town Dhimarpura was renamed as Azadpura by the Madhya Pradesh government.
While living in Jhansi, he additionally figured out how to drive a vehicle at Bundelkhand Motor Garage in Sadar Bazar of the cantonment region. Sadashivrao Malkapurkar, Vishwanath Vaishampayan and Bhagwan Das Mahaur came in close contact with him and turned into a fundamental piece of his progressive gathering. The then congress pioneers from Jhansi Pandit Raghunath Vinayak Dhulekar and Pandit Sitaram Bhaskar Bhagwat were additionally near Azad. He likewise remained for at some point in the place of Master Rudra Narayan Singh arranged at Nai Basti and Pandit Sitaram Bhaskar Bhagwat’s home in Nagra.
The HRA was shaped by Ram Prasad Bismil, Yogesh Chandra Chatterji, Sachindra Nath Sanyal and Shachindra Nath Bakshi in 1924 soon after multi year of the Non co-activity development. In the fallout of the Kakori train burglary in 1925, the British clipped down on progressive exercises. Prasad, Ashfaqulla Khan, Thakur Roshan Singh and Rajendra Nath Lahiri were condemned to death for their support. Chandra Shekhar Azad, Keshab Chakravarthy and Murari Sharma, who took an interest similarly in the demonstration, dodged catch. Chandra Shekhar Azad later redesigned the HRA with the assistance of progressives like Sheo Verma and Mahaveer Singh. Azad was likewise a nearby partner of Bhagwati Charan Vohra who alongside Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru, helped him to change the HRA into the HSRA in 1928 in order to accomplish their essential point of a free India dependent on communist standards.
Chandrashekhar Azad was a fear for British police. He was first on their hit list and the British police seriously needed to catch him in any condition.
In the most recent seven day stretch of Feb, 1931 Azad went to Sitapur Jail and met Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi. He trusted that Vidyarthi would include on account of Bhagat Singh and others as he had recently done in the Kakori scheme case. Vidyarthi recommended him to go to Allahabad and meet Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. In the event that he could be persuaded, Nehru would have the option to convince Gandhi to converse with the Viceroy Lord Irwin and agree with the British Government in the expected Gandhi-Irwin Pact. Azad met Pandit Nehru in the early morning of 27 February 1931 at his living arrangement Anand Bhawan in Allahabad and held talks with him. Nehru was not persuaded with Azad’s contentions and asked Azad to leave his place. An incensed Azad left right away.
From Anand Bhawan he went to the Alfred Park on his bike. He sat under a tree of Jamun subsequent to propping his bike on the tree. He was talking about some secret issues with an individual gathering part, Sukhdev Raj when Deputy Superintendent of Police Bisheshwar Singh alongside S.S.P. (C.I.D.) John Nott-Bower showed up there. Nott-Bower, pointed his finger towards Azad, to tell Bisheshwar Singh that this heavy man was the individual about whom he was educated seconds ago by some solid sources. Seeing a police officer calling attention to his finger towards him, Azad promptly hauled out his Colt gun from pocket and shot at Nott-Bower, hitting him in the correct wrist. Seeing his senior official absorbed blood, Bisheshwar Singh manhandled Azad. Azad quickly shot Bisheshwar Singh in his mouth, breaking his jaw. Inside a couple of moments, the police encompassed Alfred Park. During the underlying experience, Azad endured a serious slug twisted in his correct thigh, making it hard for him to get away. Be that as it may, and still, at the end of the day he made it workable for Sukhdev Raj to escape by giving him a spread fire. After Sukhdev Raj got away, Azad figured out how to save the police under control for quite a while.
At last, with just a single slug left in his gun and being totally encircled and dwarfed, Chandra Shekhar Azad shot himself, keeping his vow to never be caught alive. At 15 years old, he once asserted that as his name seemed to be “Azad”, he could never be taken alive by police. He stayed faithful to his obligation till his final gasp.