Rajendra Prasad

Dr. Rajendra Prasad Biography -The Real Hero

Dr. Rajendra Prasad Biography

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the main President of free India. His commitment to the country runs a lot further. He was one of the conspicuous pioneers of the Indian Nationalist Movement nearby Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel and Lal Bahadur Shastri. He was one of those energetic people who surrendered a worthwhile calling to seek after a more noteworthy objective of achieving opportunity for the Motherland. He took up the steerages of structuring the Constitution of the beginning country by heading up the Constituent Assembly post-freedom. To state it concisely, Dr. Prasad was one of the central planners in forming the Republic of India.

Dr Rajendra Prasad Biogrpahy

Conceived: December 3, 1884
Spot of Birth: Ziradei town, Siwan area, Bihar
Guardians: Mahadev Sahay (Father) and Kamleshwari Devi (Mother)
Spouse: Rajvanshi Devi
Kids: Mrityunjay Prasad
Training: Chhapra Zilla School, Chhapra; Presidency College, Calcutta
Affiliation: Indian National Congress
Development: Indian Freedom Movement
Political Ideology: Liberalism; Right-winged
Strict perspectives: Hinduism
Distributions: Atmakatha (1946); Satyagraha at Champaran (1922); India Divided (1946); Mahatma Gandhi and Bihar, Some Reminisences (1949); Bapu ke Kadmon Mein (1954)
Died: February 28, 1963

Early Life and Education

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was naturally introduced to a major joint family in Ziradei town of Siwan region close Chhapra of Bihar. His dad, Mahadev Sahay was a researcher of Persian and Sanskrit language while his mom Kamleshwari Devi was a strict woman.

From an age of five, youthful Rajendra Prasad was put under the tutelage of a Maulvi to learn Persian, Hindi and Mathematics. Later he was moved to the Chhapra Zilla School and proceeded to learn at R.K. Ghosh’s Academy in Patna alongside senior sibling Mahendra Prasad. At 12 years old, Rajendra Prasad was hitched to Rajavanshi Devi. The couple had one child, Mrityunjay.

A splendid understudy, Rajendra Prasad stood first in the placement test to learn at the University of Calcutta. He was granted a grant of Rs.30 every month and he joined the Presidency College in 1902. He was at first an understudy of science and his instructors included J.C. Bose and Prafulla Chandra Roy. Later he chose to change his concentration to expressions stream. Prasad lived with his sibling in the Eden Hindu Hostel. A plaque despite everything recognizes his stay in that room. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was instrumental in the development of the Bihari Students’ Conference in 1908. It was the primary association of its sort in the entire of India. The move delivered the whole political administration of the nineteen twenties in Bihar. In 1907, Rajendra Prasad went with a Gold award in the Masters certificate in Economics from University of Calcutta.


Post his post-graduation, he joined as a Professor of English at the Langat Singh College of Muzaffarpur, Bihar and later turned into its Principal. He left the activity in 1909 and came to Calcutta to seek after a degree in Law. While examining Law at the University of Calcutta, he showed Economics at the Calcutta City College. He finished his Masters in Law during 1915. He at that point proceeded to seek after a Doctorate qualification in Law from the Allahabad University.

He began his law practice at the Calcutta High Court in 1911. In 1916, Rajendra Prasad joined the Patna High Court after its foundation. He proceeded with his law practice in Bhagalpur (Bihar) while proceeding with his propelled scholastic degrees. Dr. Prasad in the long run developed as a well known and famous figure of the whole district. Such was his acumen and his uprightness, that frequently when his enemy neglected to refer to a point of reference, the appointed authorities asked Rajendra Prasad to refer to a point of reference against them.

Political Career

Job in the Nationalist Movement

Dr. Prasad entered the political field in a peaceful, swift way. He went to as a volunteer in the 1906 Calcutta meeting of the Indian National Congress and officially joined the gathering in 1911. He was in this way chose for the AICC.

In 1917, Mahatma Gandhi visited Champaran to help the reason for the laborers’ rebelling against the intense development of Indigo by the British specialists. Gandhi welcomed Dr. Prasad to the zone to attempt a reality discovering strategic the cases of both the laborers and the British. Albeit distrustful at first, Dr. Prasad was powerfully dazzled by Gandhi’s air, commitment and reasoning. Gandhi attempted the ‘Champaran Satyagraha’ and Dr. Prasad offered his entire hearted backing to the reason.

In 1920, when Gandhi declared the initiation of the Non-collaboration development, Dr. Prasad surrendered his worthwhile law practice and committed himself to the reason for opportunity. He drove the projects of non-participation in Bihar. He visited the state, holding open gatherings and delivering sincere discourses for the help of development. He embraced assortment of assets to empower the continuation of the development. He encouraged individuals to blacklist Government schools, universities and workplaces. As an offer of help to Gandhi’s call to blacklist going to British supported instructive establishments, Dr. Prasad asked his child Mrityunjaya Prasad to leave the University and join Bihar Vidyapeeth. He began the National College in Patna in 1921. He maintained the thoughts of Swadeshi, requesting that individuals blacklist unfamiliar products, examine the turning haggle just khadi pieces of clothing

Patriot India communicated its deference by choosing Rajendra Prasad as the President of the Bombay meeting of the Indian National Congress in October 1934. He was chosen President for a second time in 1939 when Subhash Chandra Bose left the post. His third spell as the President of All India Congress Party was in 1947 when J. B. Kripalani left the post.

He turned out to be a lot of engaged with the Quit India development propelled by Gandhi in 1942. He drove fights and exhibits in Bihar (Patna specifically). The across the nation turmoil requesting freedom prompted the British Government to attempt mass capture of all compelling Congress pioneers. Dr. Prasad was captured from Sadaqat Ashram, Patna and was sent to Bankipur Central Jail where he went through 3 years detainment. He was delivered on 15 June 1945.

Relationship with Gandhi

In the same way as other of his peers, the political awareness of Dr. Rajendra Prasad was incredibly impacted by Mahatma Gandhi. He was profoundly intrigued by how Gandhi took up the reason for individuals and gave them his everything. His connections with the Mahatma drove him to change his perspectives on unapproachability. Following his model, Dr. Prasad grasped a somber and improved life. He promptly abandoned extravagances like workers and wealth. He repudiated his pride and self image, even began performing family tasks like clearing, washing and cooking.

As President of Independent India

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was chosen as the Food and Agriculture Minister in the meantime Government headed by Jawaharlal Nehru in 1946. Before long he was chosen President of the Constituent Assembly on December 11, the equivalent year. He directed the Constituent Assembly from 1946 till 1949 and helped outline the Constitution of India. On January 26, 1950, the Republic of India appeared and Dr. Rajendra Prasad was chosen to be the first since forever President of the nation. Lamentably, the evening of 25 January 1950, a day prior to the Republic Day of India, his sister Bhagwati Devi died. He set about the incineration yet simply after his arrival from the motorcade ground.

As President of India, he appropriately went about according to the Constitution, autonomous of any ideological group. He ventured to the far corners of the planet broadly as a represetative of India, building political compatibility with far off countries. He was reappointed for 2 continuous terms in 1952 and 1957, and stays just President of India to accomplish this accomplishment.

The Humanitarian

Dr. Prasad was consistently prepared to help individuals who were in trouble. He chipped in his administrations for the alleviation work during the extraordinary flood that influenced Bengal and Bihar in 1914. He disseminated food and garments to the casualties himself. At the point when the quake of Bihar happened on January 15, 1934, Rajendra Prasad was in prison. He was delivered two days after the fact. He set himself for the undertaking of raising assets and set up the Bihar Central Relief Committee on January 17. He supervised assortment of help reserves and gathered over Rs 38 Lakhs. During the Quetta quake in 1935, he set up the Quetta Central Relief Committee in Punjab, in spite of the fact that he was forestalled by the British to leave the nation.


In September 1962, Dr. Prasad’s significant other Rajavanshi Devi died. The episode prompted crumbling of his wellbeing and Dr. Prasad resigned from open life. He left office and came back to Patna on May 14, 1962. He spent the most recent couple of months of his life in retirement at the Sadaqat Ashram in Patna. He was granted the “Bharat Ratna”, the country’s most elevated non military personnel grant, in 1962.

Dr. Prasad died, in the wake of experiencing brief sickness for around a half year, on February 28, 1963.

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