Maharana Pratap SIngh Biography – First Freedom Fighter
Maharana Pratap was a famous Rajput warrior and a lord of Mewar, Rajasthan, in north-western India. One of the best Rajput warriors, he is perceived for opposing the endeavors of the Mughal ruler Akbar to vanquish his domain. In contrast to the next neighboring Rajput rulers, Maharana Pratap more than once would not submit to the powerful Mughals and kept battling valiantly till his final gasp. An image of Rajput bravery, persistence and fearlessness, he was the main Rajput warrior to take on the might of Akbar, the Mughal Emperor. For all his fortitude, penance and savagely autonomous soul, he is regarded as a legend in Rajasthan.
Adolescence and Early Life
Maharana Pratap Singh was conceived on May 9, 1540, in Kumbhalgarh Fort to Jaiwanta Bai and Udai Singh II. He had three more youthful siblings and two stepsisters. His dad, Udai Singh II, was the ruler of Mewar and his capital was Chittor.
In 1567, the Mughal powers encompassed Mewar’s capital, Chittor. Rather than battling with the Mughal powers, Udai Singh left the capital and moved his family to Gogunda. In spite of the fact that Pratap opposed this choice and demanded remaining back, however the older folks had the option to persuade him that leaving the spot was the correct choice. A brief legislature of the realm of Mewar was set by up by Udai Singh and his subjects in Gogunda.
In 1572, after the end of Udai Singh, Rani Dheer Bai demanded that Uday Singh’s oldest child, Jagmal, ought to be delegated as the lord, yet the senior squires felt that Pratap was a superior decision to deal with the common circumstance. This is the way Pratap succeeded his dad to the seat.
Promotion and Reign
When Pratap succeeded his dad to the seat, his sibling Jagmal Singh, who was assigned as the Crown Prince by Udai Singh swore vengeance and joined the Mughal armed force. The Mughal lord Akbar remunerated him with the town of Jahazpur for the assistance he delivered.
At the point when the Rajputs left Chittor, Mughals assumed responsibility for the spot, yet their endeavors to add the realm of Mewar stayed ineffective. Various emissaries were sent by Akbar attempted to haggle with Pratap to strike a collusion, however that didn’t work. Six strategic missions were sent by Akbar in 1573 however were turned somewhere around Maharana Pratap. The remainder of these missions was lead by Akbar’s brother by marriage Raja Man Singh. At the point when the endeavors of marking a truce fizzled, Akbar decided to confront the strong Mughal armed force.
The Battle of Haldighati
On June 18, 1576, the Rajput armed force stood eye to eye with the Mughal armed force (under the order of Asaf Khan I and Man Singh) at Haldighati. As indicated by students of history, it was perhaps the fiercest fight at any point battled, with the Mughal powers dwarfing the Rajput armed force. The military of Mewar was under the order of Ram Shah Tanwar and his children specifically, Chandrasenji Rathore, Rawat Krishnadasji Chundawaat and Maan Singhji Jhala.
The fight went on for four hours and brought about gigantic loss of lives on the Mewar side (around 1600 officers), while the Mughals lost just 150 warriors and 350 injured. Maharana Pratap was seriously injured however gotten away to the close by slopes. In spite of the fact that Mughals had the option to guarantee a few pieces of Mewar, including Gogunda and the close by territories aside from certain locales of Aravellis, however they couldn’t expel Maharana Pratap who kept on bugging the Mughals through guerrilla strategies.
The second Akbar’s center moved to different spots, Pratap alongside his military who came out of the covering up and effectively recaptured the control of western locales of his region.
In the wake of Mirza Hakim’s attack into Punjab and uprisings in Bihar and Bengal, Akbar redirected his thoughtfulness regarding manage these issues. I came about into loosening of Mughal pressure on Mewar. In 1582, the Mughal post at Dewair was assaulted and involved by Maharana Pratap. Akbar moved to Lahore in 1585 and remained there to watch out for the circumstance in the north-west for next twelve years. During this period no Mughal campaign was sent to Mewar. Pratap exploited this circumstance and recovered authority over western Mewar, including Gogunda, Kumbhalgarh and Udaipur. He assembled another capital at Chavand, close Dungarpur.
The incredible warrior left for the glorious house on 29th January, 1597, at 56 years old, because of wounds supported during his unremitting battle against the Mughal Empire. His oldest child, Amar Singh I, succeeded him to the seat of Mewar.
Maharana Pratap had eleven spouses, five little girls, and seventeen children. Be that as it may, his preferred spouse was his first wife named Maharani Ajabde Punwar. He got married without precedent for 1557. In 1559, his first child Amar Singh I, who later succeeded him, was conceived.
It is said that Pratap wedded ten additional princesses so as to reinforce the Rajput solidarity. Pratap spent an enormous piece of his life and timberlands and it is likewise said that in the past his family needed to get by on chappatis made of grass.
Maharana Pratap is frequently viewed as ‘India’s first political dissident,’ as he didn’t give up to the Mughal armed forces drove by Akbar. Various TV programs have been made on the life and accomplishments of Maharana Pratap.
A notable site devoted to Maharana Pratap, Maharana Pratap Memorial, is arranged at the head of Moti Magri, Pearl Hill in Udaipur. It was worked by Maharana Bhagwat Singh Mewar and features a day to day existence estimated bronze sculpture of the heroic warrior riding his pony ‘Chetak.’
Fascinating Facts about Maharana Pratap
Maharana Pratap was seven feet and five inches tall and weighed 110 kgs.
The heaviness of the covering of his chest was 72 kgs and his lance weighed 81 kgs.
The all out weight of Maharana Pratap’s shield, stick, two blades and defensive layer was around 208kgs.
He had eleven spouses, five little girls and seventeen children. The names of his spouses are Ajabde Punwar, Rani Lakhabai, Rani Champabai Jhati, Rani Shahmatibai Hada, Rani Ratnawatibai Parmar, Rani Solankhinipur Bai, Rani Amarbai Rathore, Rani Phool Bai Rathore, Rani Alamdebai Chauhan, Rani Jasobai Chauhan, and Rani Khichar Ashabai.
Maharana Pratap and his family needed to live in the woodland for quite a while and they made due on chapattis made of grass. One day a wild feline grabbed a grass roti from the hands of Maharana’s little girl, it was then he chose to give up before Akbar. He composed a letter to Akbar communicating his accommodation plans and Akbar cheerfully passed the letter to Prithviraj who was an artist and Rajput warrior and was working under Akbar. Prithviraj composed back to Maharana in a way that invigorated certainty and to Pratap to confront Akbar.
He was known for maintaining the pride of ladies. On one event, his child Amar Singh brought ladies from adversary camp as trophy prisoners alongside a Mughal official, however Maharana Pratap censured this demonstration and directed to accompany the women back to the camp. It is said that Abdur Rahim Khan-e-Khana was getting ready to ambush Pratap around a similar time, yet when he caught wind of this occurrence he quickly canceled his arrangements and pulled back his powers.
Maharana Pratap and his powers were consistently in war with the Mughals which lead to budgetary emergencies and he was left with no cash to help his powers. It was then that Bhama Shah, Maharana Pratap’s priest, monetarily helped Pratap with which he had the option to help and continue his military for next twelve years.
Maharana Pratap was productive in utilizing hit and run combat strategies.
|Maharana Pratap Smarak|
He had a steadfast pony named Chetak, who was likewise Maharana’s top pick. Chetak got undying with an end goal to spare Rana Pratap in the Battle of Haldighati.
Rana Pratap spent a significant piece of his life, particularly his youth in the woodland of Aravallis. Pratap was called Keeka by the tribals; he is additionally loved as Rana Keeka.
Pratap adored his pony Chetak, however not many realize that Chetak had blue eyes. It is a result of this that Maharana Pratap was additionally venerated to as ‘Rider of the Blue Horse.’
Other than Chetak, there was another creature that was extremely dear to Maharana – an elephant named Ramprasad. Ramprasad murdered and harmed various ponies, elephants and fighters during the Battle of Haldighati. Raja Mansingh is said to have sent seven elephants to catch Ramprasad.